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Melatonin and insomnia

This article was originally published in The Tan Sheet

Executive Summary

Meta-analysis of five placebo-controlled studies reveals that melatonin "reduces sleep latency, but does not consistently improve other aspects of sleep disturbance," David Armour, UK National Health Service, et al., report in June Psychiatric Bulletin. In one study, 5 mg melatonin given to 40 children for four weeks helped with lights-off time, sleep onset and sleep duration, while in another study, 5 mg melatonin given to 62 children over four weeks did not improve either condition. The clinical implications of the analysis are that "melatonin might be effective in the short-term treatment of sleep onset insomnia," but the optimal dose is not known, Armour et al. conclude...
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